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Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Educate Resources

Identify Resources

Prevent Resources


  1. Cluff, L., Tueller, S., Batts, K., Miller, T., & Galvin, D. (2014). Industry and occupation variations in nonmedical prescription pain reliever use. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 29(4), 299-316. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/15555240.2014.956930
  2. Florence, C. S., Zhou, C., Luo, F., & Xu, L. (2016). The economic burden of prescription opioid overdose and dependence in the United States, 2013. Medical Care, 54(10), 901-906. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0000000000000625
  3. United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2018). Labor force statistics from the current population survey. Retrieved from https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/LNS12300000
  4. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2017). 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed tables. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-DetTabs-2016/NSDUH-DetTabs-2016.pdf
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Alcohol use and your health. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/alcohol-use.htm
  6. Di Castelnuovo, A., Costanzo, S., Bagnardi, V., Donati, M., Iacoviello, L., & de Gaetano, G. (2006). Alcohol dosing and total mortality in men and women: An updated meta-analysis of 34 prospective studies. Archives of Internal Medicine, 166(22), 2437-2445. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.166.22.2437
  7. Rehm, J., & Shield, K. (2014). Alcohol consumption. In B. W. Stewart, & C. B. Wild (Eds.), World cancer report 2014. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer.
  8. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol’s effects on the body. Retrieved from https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/alcohols-effects-body
  9. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). Synthetic cathinones (“Bath Salts”). Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/synthetic-cathinones-bath-salts
  10. Associated Press and National Opinion Research Center. (2018). Issue brief: Americans recognize the growing problem of opioid addiction. Retrieved from http://www.apnorc.org/PDFs/Opioids%202018/APNORC_Opioids_Report_2018.pdf
  11. Bureau of Labor Statistics (April 2, 2018). Labor force statistics from the Current Population Survey. United States Department of Labor. Retrieved from  https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/LNS12300000
  12. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2016). Ending discrimination against people with mental and substance use disorders: The evidence for stigma change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.17226/23442
  13. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. National Prescription Drug Take Back Day website. Retrieved from https://takebackday.dea.gov/
  14. Miller, S. (2017). Employers take steps to address the opioid crisis. Alexandria, VA: Society for Human Resource Management. Retrieved from https://www.shrm.org/resourcesandtools/hr-topics/benefits/pages/steps-to-address-opioid-crisis.aspx
  15. Slavit, W., Reagin, A., & Finch, R. A. (2009). An employer’s guide to workplace substance abuse: Strategies and treatment recommendations. Washington, DC: Center for Prevention and Health Services, National Business Group on Health. Retrieved from http://www.businessgrouphealth.org
  16. Vance, T., & Foulke, E. (2017). America’s opioid epidemic and the workplace: 3 lessons for employers. The Business Journals. Retrieved from https://www.bizjournals.com/bizjournals/how-to/growth-strategies/2017/07/america-s-opioid-epidemic-and-the-workplace-3.html


Contact Information

Phone: 1-877-SAMHSA-7


Email: dwp@samhsa.hhs.gov